Pages

Total Pageviews

Custom Search

Saturday, June 18, 2011

Choosing a HDD

   Ok, so now we have to choose an HDD, or "Hard Disk Drive".  This is you primary storage device, of all of your machines programs, and OS, or "Operating system".  Now HDDs generally come in 3 categories, "IDE", "SATA", or "SSD". IDEs utilize the older "PATA", or "Parallel Attachment AT", while the "SATA", or "Serial Attachment AT", are the newer tech, phasing out the PATA interface.  And then there is the even newer, and more expensive "SSD", or "Solid State Drive", which has no moving parts, and is basically like a large ram card, and because there is no disc to scan and search for the information, it is much more faster.

    Size is also a factor in choosing a HDD.  Depending on what you will be using your system for, you may need more or less space. Here is a simple list for reference....

                                                 
  • Word Processing: 250GB and Higher, 7200rpm
  • Web Surfing: 320GB and Higher, 7200rpm
  • Gaming: 500GB and Higher, 7200 rpm
  • Digital Music: 750GB and Higher, 7200 rpm
  • Graphics Editing: 1TB and Higher, 7200 rpm
  • Digital Video: 1.5TB and Higher, 7200 rpm
     As you can see there are a few choices in selecting a HDD, and what you'll use it for, and no shortage of manufacturers, and prices as well. You may even consider using a "RAID" or"Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks", Which we will go into detail in another post.  Consult your Motherboard to decide what kind of HDD you need as well.

Wednesday, June 1, 2011

Lets pick your brain.........

             Okay, so lets cover choosing your CPU (Central Processing Unit), or "Processor".  This is essentially your Machines Brain.  Without this, you Machine is pretty much just an expensive paper weight.  As mentioned in an earlier Post (All PCs are not created equal), not all CPUs will not fit all motherboards, So you'll have to do some research.  Your first place to look, is at the specs for the MOBO that you have selected. These will tell you what "Sockets" your MOBO will accept.
                                                                                                                   
            If you are upgrading your CPU, then you must first refer to your MOBO handbook.  If you do not know your current MOBO information, then google search for a pragram called  "SiSoftware Sandra Lite". This is a free software, and will tell you each and every detail about your MOBO and PC that you would ever want to know.
                                                                                               
            When choosing a CPU, you have to balance budget, quality, and performance.  Personally, I try not to buy any PC or MOBO parts used, or refurbished. And try to get something with a good warranty. Sometimes things go wrong, and you want to be covered.  Generally the higher the GHZ (gigahurtz), the faster and stronger. However, with CPUs, some are better than others.  So be sure to look around.
                                                                                                           

Friday, May 27, 2011

Choosing a case for your MOBO


                      Another thing to consider when picking out a MOBO, is the Case you will put it in.  As with the CPU, different motherboards require different cases. Motherboards come in 3 different forms, Mini, Mid, and Full., As they're names may suggest, they're corresponding cases do as well. The Mini Tower Cases shown below, are an example of what they look like.
 As the name may suggest, there isn't very much room for add ons, so its is a primarily simple design. Fewer drive bays, and fewer peripherals, they are pretty much similar to OEM models.  Next are the Mid Tower Cases,which have a lot more room, which also means that the MOBO will be a bit bigger and in most cases, have more on it.Here is an example below of Mid towers...



 Ass you can see, when you get into PC customization, you get a lot of choices in  personalizing you machine right down to the case you put it in. These have more Drive and expansion bays, giving you more to work with. Finally, we come to Full Tower Cases. These will help you utilize larger MOBOs, which mean more power, and ability to expand. Some Full tower cases, like the ones below.....




not only help turn your PC into a work of art, and an expression of yourself, come with upwards of 10 to 12 drive bays, and 7 to 10 expansion slots. That opens up a whole world of upgrade possibilities for you. You won't run out of room for a while, and can make them look good too.

Wednesday, May 25, 2011

Selecting a MOBO (Motherboard)

            So you want to make your own PC from the board up, or you need a new MOBO.  The first thing we need to is find out what kind of MOBO you need. For those of you starting out from scratch, we'll get to you in a moment.  Upgrading a MOBO (or replacing an old or ruined one), requires you to decide if your going to upgrade your CPU, or keep your current CPU. Either one will require a bit of research. As stated in an earlier post, different MOBOs require different CPUs. If you plan on keeping you old processor, then it's just a matter of finding a MOBO that has that processor "socket".For example, lets say we want to keep our processor, and it's a dual core.   Many dual cores are still LG775 sockets, so you want to search for an LG775 socket MOBO.

               
                    For those of you who are starting from scratch, you need to know what you plan to do with the machine you want to build, and get a MOBO that will best accommodate you computing needs. When you research a new MOBO, you want to think affordable, (unless you can afford the latest high end Models) and functionality.  If you only want a PC for simple tasks and home office use, then you wont really need anything with too many bells and whistles. Whereas, if you want a machine that can handle a lot of punishment, and do a lot of gaming or graphics programs, then you will want something a little bigger.for simple use, You can get away with using a simple MOBO such as this one...


         This a simple but quite reliable Motherboard, that uses a Pentium 4 CPU.It uses only a small amount of RAM by todays standards, and has basic PCI slots for very simple expansion, or to add a few peripherals.it is quite good for simple office work related tasks or perhaps some educational programs for your younger children. Now if you want something a little more hearty, and gaming worthy, then you will want a slightly more expensive MOBO, with more bells and whistles.One of my personal favorites, (but not limited to) are from Gigabyte.  One of their latest ones, (shown here)
 takes the Core i7 CPUs, and utilizes SATA3, DDR3, and USB3. Those are pretty fast. However with this one, there is no built in VGA, which means you'll have to buy a graphics card for it.  This model can have up to 24 Gigs of RAM, and can pretty much handle any program or game you can throw at it.

              But to get back on subject, you have to do a little research before you just go and buy any old MOBO, otherwise you will kick yourself for having an expensive paperweight.

Monday, May 23, 2011

Acronyms, acronyms, everywhere.

                    If you've ever read about PC parts, or handled them, then you've seen a few names that are hard to understand. These names are acronyms. Today, I'm going to explain some of these so that you'll better understand some of the terms when reading this site.

  • ATA= AT attachment interface
  • AT= Asynchronous Transmission
  • AUI= Adapter Unit Interface
  • AVI= Audio Video Interface
  • CDRAM= Cached Dynamic RAM
  • CGA= Color Graphics Adapter
  • COM 1-4= Communication Port (1-4)
  • CPU=  Central Processor Unit
  • CVRAM= Cached Video RAM
  • DDR, DDR2, DDR3= Double Data Rate
  • DIMM= Dual Inline Memory Module
  • HDD= Hard Disk Drive
  • PATA= Parallel AT
  • RAM= Random Access Memory
  • SATA, SATA2, SATA3= Serial AT
  • SDRAM= Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • SIMM= Single Inline Memory Module
  • SSD= Solid State Drive
  • USB= Universal Serial Bus
  These are all just some of the physical properties that make up your machine. We will go over each piece as we go further into this site.

Sunday, May 22, 2011

All PCs are NOT created equal.

       The first thing that we are going to discuss is understanding your machines compatibilities.  Before you customize, upgrade or replace any parts of your machine, you must first research your machines specs.  All machines have varying degrees of differences in there motherboards, and even thier RAM.   You must pick a mother board carefully, according to wether or not you will want or need to expand on it later. You must also bear in mind that some motherboards have no built in video, audio, or internet connections, and will therefore purchase and equip them yourself, according to your own preferences.

    As you can see, motherboards are quite different from one another as is RAM shown below.
 So you must research and understand what it is that you are looking for, for your machine.Not all RAMs work in all mother boards.  RAMs range from DIMM, DDR, SDIMM, SODIMM, DDR2, and DDR3.  The same goes for HDDs and CPUs. older motherboards are limited to the slower and older CPUs, while the newer ones use a varying degree of the higher end processors. HDDs vary between IDE, SATA, SATA1, SATA2, and more recently, SATA3.  The difference is the speeds in which info is passed from the HDD to the CPU, the latter being the fastest, and more expensive.
     

Introduction

        Hello, and welcome to my site.  I would like to thank you ahead of time for taking the time to read and browse through this site.  We will be delving into the various matters of customizing, repairing, and performing both basic and advanced maintenance on your PC.  I will do my best to provide any information possible to all of your questions and attend to your PC needs.  Also on this site, you will soon be able to order your very own custom made PC, that will be personalized to your specs and tastes, for any of you who just don't have the time (or know how) to do it yourself. Please feel free to leave any feed back as well. I am open to constructive criticism, or to learn new PC tricks of the trade. And don't forget, there are no dumb questions here. 

Follow by Email